Decalogue


Decalogue
Greek word for the Ten Commandments (Exod. 34:28). They are given in two forms (Exod. 20 and Deut. 5), being the earliest laws of the Hebrews and ascribed in the tradition to Moses, though in fact developed and refined over centuries. Moses was given them by God on two tablets (Exod. 31:18), each tablet bearing all ten commandments, in accordance with the normal practice that there were two copies of every treaty. But Moses smashed them in anger when he saw that the people had given themselves to idolatry in his absence (Exod. 32:19) and they had to be reinscribed (Exod. 34:28) and placed in the Ark [[➝ ark]] (1 Kgs. 8:9). These basic laws were supplemented with much detail over the years but the Decalogue remained a summary convenient for memorizing and public recitation and was fundamental to the integrity of the nation. The laws require the worship of Israel's God and no other; they demand respect for human life and human marriage and property; a weekly day of rest is prescribed; there is to be honesty in court.
The Decalogue is divided in two ways: Exod. 20:3 is the first commandment in many Christian reckonings, but in the Jewish tradition (followed by Roman Catholics) it is combined with the next—the prohibition of idols—and then the final commandment, against coveting—is split into two, to make ten in all.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • DECALOGUE — (The Ten Commandments). The statements of God quoted by Moses in Deuteronomy 5:6–18 are entitled the ten words, or utterances (Heb. עֲשֶׂרֶתהַדְּבָרִים aseret ha devarim; LXX δέκα ῥήματα (Deut. 4:13), δέκα λόγοι (10:4). The same title in Exodus… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • décalogue — [ dekalɔg ] n. m. • 1455; lat. decalogus, du gr. ♦ Les dix commandements gravés sur des tables de pierre, que Dieu donna à Moïse sur le Sinaï. ⇒ 1. loi. Les préceptes du décalogue. ● Décalogue nom masculin singulier (latin ecclésiastique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Decalogue II — Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard Chutkovski …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue IV — DVD poster Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard Chut …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue IX — DVD poster Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard Chutkovs …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue V — DVD poster Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard Chutkovski …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue VI — DVD poster Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard Chut …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue X — DVD poster Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue I — Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski Produced by Ryszard Chutkovski Yoram Globus …   Wikipedia

  • Decalogue — Décalogue Pour les articles homonymes, voir Les Dix Commandements et Décalogue (homonymie). Les 10 commandements en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Decalogue — • The term employed to designate the collection of precepts written on two tables of stone and given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Decalogue     Decalogue …   Catholic encyclopedia